item

item, detail, particular are comparable when meaning one of the things, either separate and distinct or considered so, which constitute a whole.
Item applies mainly to each thing that is put down in a list (as of things needed, things to be done, or things to be seen) or in an account, a record, or an inventory; sometimes the term applies to the actual thing as apart from the list
{

the bill has ten items

}
{

each separate item of income— Hobson

}
{

the dog too went: the most noble-looking item in the beggarly assets— Conrad

}
{

a mere item in the year's publishing list— Brogan

}
Detail (see also PART) applies to each separate thing which enters into the building or construction of some such thing as a house, a painting, or a narrative or enters into such an activity as the performance of a task or job, the pursuit of a career, or the living of a life; often, in this sense, detail is contrasted with structure, outline, design, or plan
{

while . . . laboring indefatigably in the details of domestic life on a farm, her outlook was large— Ellis

}
{

alike in its large outlines and its small details, Chinese life is always the art of balancing an aesthetic temperament and guarding against its excesses— Ellis

}
Often the singular form in this sense is used as a collective noun
{

the poet's chief aim ... is to communicate not the exact detail of an experience, but its tone and rhythm- Day Lewis

}
{

report an incident in detail

}
Particular may imply a relation to something general or universal
{

it foolishly derides the universal, saying that it chooses to consider the particular as more important— QuillerCouch

}
but more often it implies a relation to a whole and stresses that relationship more than item or detail; in this sense particular emphasizes the smallness and the singleness and concreteness of each item or detail; thus, in law, a bill of particulars is a statement of the items of a plaintiffs claim or a defendant's counterclaim
{

I do not care to go into the particulars of the agreement

}
{

the real question is what is the world . . . and that can be revealed only by the study of all nature's particularsJames

}
{

praised the party accomplishment, and came to particulars in an attack upon the . . . opposition— Paxson

}
{

we know nothing of their language and only . .. minor particulars of their social customs and religion— R. W. Murray

}
Analogous words: *thing, object, article: constituent, component, *element, factor

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • item — item …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • item — i‧tem [ˈaɪtəm] noun [countable] 1. a single thing, especially something that is for sale: • The CD used to be considered a luxury item. • stores selling non food items 2. ACCOUNTING a piece of information written in a set of accounts …   Financial and business terms

  • Item — may refer to:* Item, entry in a list, or one object in a collection of objects. * Item, the name of a town in Abia State of Nigeria. * Collector s item, an object or item of any kind that has become valuable * Configuration item, form the basis… …   Wikipedia

  • ITeM — stands for the Instituto del Tercer Mundo (or, the Third World Institute) which is based in Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay.Focus on informationIt focuses on information, communication and education activities on an international level,… …   Wikipedia

  • Item — bezeichnet: Item (Partikel), veraltete satzverknüpfende Partikel Elemente in einer Aufzählung bei der Datenerhebung eines von mehreren Merkmalen einer Untersuchungseinheit, siehe statistische Variable Psychologische Diagnostik: einzelne Testfrage …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ITEM — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • item — i tem, n. [From {Item}, adv.] [1913 Webster] 1. An article; a separate particular in an account; as, the items in a bill; he picked up four items at the drug store. [1913 Webster +PJC] 2. A hint; an innuendo. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] A secret item… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • item — / ī təm/ n 1: a distinct part in an enumeration, account, or series 2: a financial instrument (as a check or draft) Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • item — late 14c. (adv.) moreover, in addition, from L. item (adv.) likewise, just so, moreover, used to introduce a new fact or statement, probably from ita thus, id it (see ID (Cf. id)) + adv. ending tem (Cf. idem the same ). Thus a statement or maxim… …   Etymology dictionary

  • item — item·iza·tion; item·ize; item; sub·item; item·iz·er; …   English syllables

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.